An Information Security publication for the WPI community.
In this issue:
- Today's top security threats
- Retiring legacy technology at WPI
- Charity and disaster fraud
- How safe downloads mitigate ransomware
Today’s Top Security Threats and How They Impact WPI
In 2021 there was a significant increase in cyber-attacks across all industries, as hackers exploited the COVID-19 pandemic and the huge shift to remote work. The world of higher education cybersecurity has faced its share of new challenges and pressures in the past year. Here’s a summary of the top cybersecurity risks for WPI and what we are doing to mitigate these risks.
Several notable and highly publicized ransomware incidents occurred in 2021 causing business interruptions that impacted students and their ability to access educational resources. These attacks, in which perpetrators block access to data through encryption or other means until a ransom is paid, are increasing. Cybercriminals have found new and creative ways to extort universities by stealing sensitive information and then threatening to share it on the dark web unless a bounty is paid.
Poor Data Hygiene and Data Management
With so many employees working from remote locations, one risk to institutions remains top of mind – poor data hygiene. While proper data management has always been of key importance to protecting against data breaches, the remote workforce represents a risk as employees and students send unencrypted documents containing personal information back and forth via unencrypted emails or in messaging applications.
What is WPI doing to mitigate these threats?
Over the past 9 months we have stepped up our efforts to combat these threats. In 2022 we will focus our efforts on:
- Educating students, faculty and staff with more robust security awareness training including simulated phishing exercises.
- Improving our defenses against ransomware by implementing protections before, during and after an attack.
- Increasing our focus on protecting university data by improving our data management capabilities.
Retiring Legacy Technology at WPI
Blackberry phones stopped working on January 4, signaling the end of an era. Blackberry users said goodbye to the iconic device on January 4, 2022. The phone's legacy software was decommissioned, meaning all classic Blackberry phones can no longer be used.
While this has almost no impact on WPI, there are other legacy technologies that do have an impact – for example email clients (PINE, IMAP, POP), Windows 7 computers, vulnerable software and alike. Each of these solutions have reached the end of their respective lives, and should be upgraded or replaced.
Legacy email clients, such as IMAP, SMTP, and POP3, will be discontinued by Microsoft. Microsoft announced that they will be turning off Basic Authentication in Exchange Online in October 2022. Basic Authentication is an outdated industry standard, and threats posed by Basic Authentication have only increased. Legacy email clients and mail protocols such as IMAP, SMTP, and POP3 will no longer work. The best way to protect your account from malicious authentication requests made by legacy protocols is to block these attempts altogether.
Windows 7 End of Support: After 10 years, support for Windows 7 ended on January 14, 2020. WPI computers running Windows 7 will still function, but Microsoft no longer provides technical support, software updates, security updates or fixes. While you could continue to use your computer running Windows 7, without continued software and security updates, it will be at greater risk for viruses and malware. Going forward, the best way to stay secure is on Windows 10.
What is WPI’s Strategy? Unfortunately, there are many systems and applications currently operational across WPI that are running unsupported versions of software. Going forward, WPI IT will be initiating a new program focusing on retiring legacy technologies and software. This is important to continually address the security risks involved.
Charity and Disaster Fraud
Sadly, fraudsters seek to take advantage of your good will, and the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine is no exception.
As the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) explains, these "schemes seek donations for organizations that do little or no work—instead, the money goes to the fake charity’s creator.
While these scams can happen at any time, they are especially prevalent after high-profile disasters."
The FBI explains how to protect yourself, and how to report fraud:Charity and Disaster Fraud
How Safe Is That Web Software Download?
Before searching the internet for software to download, find out what WPI has to offer! WPI provides and supports a wide range of software for no cost.
Downloading “free” software from the internet could have a high cost if it comes with ransomware or other malware.Use the WPI Hub Software LibraryContact IT if you have had a problematic download.Read more in Safe Software Downloads